Phormium ornamental grasses are colourful plants that originate in New Zealand and the Norfolk Islands.They are also well known as New Zealand flax. There are two species of Phormium; the Phormium tenax and Phormium colensoi (also known as cookianum). Both species appear in a variety of colours. Well known varieties of Phormium include Phormium Bronze Baby and Phormium Tricolor.
Most Phormium varieties are quite winter hardy, making them well suited for European climates.